Iranian new year (Nowruz)
Charshanbe Suri is a prelude to the New Year. In Iran, it is celebrated on the eve of the last Wednesday before Nowruz. It is usually celebrated in the evening by performing rituals such as jumping over bonfires and lighting off firecrackers and fireworks.Iranians sing the poetic line "my yellow is yours, your red is mine" to the fire during the festival, asking the fire to take away ill-health and problems and replace them with warmth, health, and energy.
Nowruz is the Iranian New Year, also known as the Persian New Year.
It usually occurs on March 21 or the previous or following day, depending on where it is observed. The moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator and equalises night and day is calculated exactly every year, and families gather together to observe the rituals.
The word Nowruz is a combination of Persian words now, (English: new) and ruz (English: day). Pronunciation varies among Persian dialects, with Eastern dialects using the pronunciation IPA: [næuˈɾoːz], western dialects IPA: [nouˈɾuːz], and Tehranis IPA: [noːˈɾuːz]. A variety of spelling variations for the word nowruz exist in English-language usage, including novruz, nowruz, nauruz and newroz.
Despite its Iranian and Zoroastrian origins, Nowruz has been celebrated by diverse communities. It has been celebrated for over 3,000 years in Western Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, and the Balkans.